Do you want to learn more facts about Persian language and culture?

Watch this video and complete related online activities on Talk Like A Persian Website. Then read the following article and respond to the questions at the end of this blog. 1. Farsi or Persian?

The society for Iranian Studies states that the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian. Farsi is a Persian word and has no basis in the history of the English language.

2. When did Persia become Iran?

As a modern country, Iran was first known by Westerners as “Persia”. Persian or Farsi is taken from the province of Fars in southern Iran. 2,500 years ago, when the present provinces of Iran were kingdoms known in the West as the Persian EmpireThis region is the cradle of the Persian language and civilization.
In 1935, Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries with which it had diplomatic relations to call Persia by its native name “Iran”in formal correspondence. Since then, the name Irani or Iranian has come to refer to the civic identity of Iran as a country. Nowadays both terms are common; “Persia” mostly in historical and cultural contexts, “Iran” mostly in political contexts.
The suggestion for the change is said to have come from the Iranian ambassador to Germany, who came under the influence of the Nazis. At the time Germany was in the grip of racial fever and cultivated good relations with nations of “Aryan” blood. It is said that some German friends of the ambassador persuaded him that, as with the advent of Reza Shah, Persia had turned a new leaf in its history and had freed itself from the pernicious influences of Britain and Russia, whose interventions in Persian affairs had practically crippled the country under the Qajars.

3. Where is Persian Spoken?

Persian, also known as Farsi, is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan and it has a long history stretching back thousands of years with different stages along the way. It originated in Sought Western Persia. Today’s Persia is known as Iran. Persian is the official language of Iran and it is also the official languages of Afghanistan and Tajikistan. In Afghanistan, Persian is referred to as “Dari” for political reason. In Tajikistan, Persian is referred to as “ Tajik” by the Soviet Union conquerers. Historically, the areas where the language is spoken range from the Middle East to India, but today, Persian is understood in parts of Armenia, Azerbaijan, India, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Turkey. There are large groups of Persians who migrated to the Europe, USA and specially Los Angeles. That is the reason that Los Angeles is often referred to as ‘Tehrangeles’.

Persian, Dari, Tajik are varieties of the one single language. They are mutually intelligible among educated speakers and formal languages are very close. There are some differences in the casual language specially in the accent, vocabulary, spelling and loan words. In Iran, there are more French loan words. In Afghanistan, there are more English loan words and in Tajikistan there are more Russian loan words.

4. Persian as an Indo-European Language

Persian is in the Indo-European Language (IEL) family and it shares historical origins with most European languages including English as well as the languages of Northern India. IEL includes , the Romance languages (Spanish, French, Latin, etc.), the Slavic languages (Russian, Polish, etc.), the Germanic languages (English, German, Swedish, etc.), the Celtic languages, Baltic languages, Greek, Armenian, and Albanian. Persian belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of language. Iranian branch includes Pashto, Kurdish, Baluchi,Taleshi, Asi. Persian and English are similar in word formation, syntax and phonological rules.

5. How hard is it to learn Persian Language?

Persian language’s level of difficulty can be measured by how long it takes an average learner to reach a certain degree of fluency compared to English. The Foreign Service Institute (FSI) has created a list to show the approximate time you need to learn a specific language as an English speaker.There are three levels of language difficulty and Persian falls in category II and is considered as a language with significant linguistic and cultural differences from English Learners. In order to reach the same level as English, Category I languages (French,Spanish) require learners 600 hours of instruction, category II languages (Persian, Russian) demand 1100 hours of instruction and category III languages (Arabic, Japanese) require 2200 class hours to reach to Reading and Speaking 3: General Professional Proficiency in Speaking and Reading.

Persian is a relatively simple language to grasp grammatically. Nouns have no gender and there are no articles. Persian is a very poetic, soft and song-like language. The stress is generally placed on the last syllable of a word. Persian is a gender free language and the same word is used to describe both ‘he’ and ‘she’ and it is often hard to distinguish whom a person is referring to. Questioning is fairly simple and is formed by a rise in intonation of the voice at the end of a sentence. The word order doesn’t change.

6. History of Persian Language

Persian scripts have evolved over the last 3000 years, with three major historic stages of development.

Old Persian (525 BCE–300 BCE):

The oldest record of old Persian are in inscriptions that dates back to the first Persian empire. These writings are in babylonian cuneiform script which is one of the oldest writing forms in the world. Old Persian was inscribed in the cuneiform script, on inscriptions, clay tables and seals of the Achaemenid era in ancient Persia. It was an Indo-European tongue with close affinities with Sanskrit and Avestan; the language of the Zoroastrian sacred texts.

Middle Persian ( 300 BCE- 800 CE ):

Middle Persian or Pahlavi (a name derived from Parthavi – that is, Parthian). Old Persian developed into Middle Persian after the fall of the Achaemenians in the province of Pars. Pahlavi was used throughout the Sassanian period. About a hundred Pahlavi texts survived, mostly on religion and all in prose. We can find Middle Persian in religious texts of the Zoroastrian religion from before the Islamic period. The language was referred to as “Parsik” or “Parsig” because it was the language of Parsa people. The Persian language entered a mysterious new stage with the Islamic conquest. The following 200 years was referred to as “Two Centuries of Silence” by Iranian scholars because there is very little literature available from that time period. Persian was affected by Arabic language a lot during this time.

Classical Persian:

Classical Persian has roots in Old Persian, Pahlavi and Avesta. The Persian language was in danger of being lost or being replaced with Arabic. The Shahnameh (the Book of kings) is a long epic poem written in classical Persian by Ferdowsi over thirty years at a time when Arabic was the favored language of literature. It was so influential on future of literature and cultural identity that Persian language today remains relatively uncharged from that time. This epic poem is considered as the pillar of the Persian language. Ferdowsi intensionally limited the number of Arabic loan words in his epic poem in order to help to preserve the integrity of the Persian language. Therefore, Ferdowsi is seen as a national Iranian hero who re-ignited pride in Iranian culture and literature, and who established the Persian language as a language of beauty and sophistication. Every country that the Arabs conquered lost its civilization, culture and language and adopted the Arabic language and way of life. Iran broke the trend and preserved its culture and language and even adopted their own version of Islam by creating Shiaism.
During this Persian cultural resurgence, the Persian language and culture impacted a large geographic area and became the official language of Seljuq Empire and Ottoman Empire and spread to Indian subcontinent where it was widely spoken until the arrival of the British.

Modern Persian:

Modern Persian as spoken today consists of a lot of words of non-Iranian origin. Some modern technical terms, understandably, have been incorporated from English, French and German and are recognizable.

7. How similar are Persian and Arabic?

Persian and Arabic are not directly related but they have influenced each other. They belong to completely different language families and have separate origins. Arabic is a Semitic language that shares roots with Hebrew while Persian is an Indo-European language that shares the same root with the languages of Northern India as well as most of the languages in Europe such as English, French and German. Persian has simpler grammar compare to Arabic. Persian does not have any grammatical gender. Therefore, they have different grammar system. There are two similarities between the Persian and Arabic which are the script and the vocabulary. Tajik Persian is written in the Cyrillic script while other forms of Persian are written in a modified Arabic script. It is modified because there are four sounds that you cannot find in Arabic language and four new letters were created in Persian. Although during the Islamic conquest Arabic words were adopted but the structure of Arabic words is not adopted and words are not broken down into their roots and templates. The loan words have also adapted to the phonology of the Persian language.

8. What you already know about Persian?

Persian has left influences on different languages including a heavy influence on the vocabulary of Urdo and some influence on the vocabulary of Turkish. You can find words of Persian origin in languages such as the Malay language in Malaysia and English. Some of the words came directly into English but most of them came indirectly into English via a different language. Due to historical links with Britain, many Persian words have been borrowed and crop up in the English language, such as:
French words relating to science and technology are commonly used in Persian. For example:

9. Will Persian help me with any other languages?

Persian, is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It has approximately 110 million speakers in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and other countries which historically came under Persian influence. Therefore, learning some Persian will give you access to a rich history of literature and culture that has a big impact on the world It will also assist you in learning Arabic, Kurdish, Urdu and Hindi. Similarities across the languages as a percentage are 90% of the facts, 40% of the words and 30% of the grammar.

10. Do’s and don’ts of Persian language and culture

The Do’s
Say سلام [salām] hello when you enter a place.
Give tip because tipping is a big part of Persian culture.
Wear a hijab (headscarf) on your head everywhere.
Wear Manto, a longer jacket that reaches to the mid of your legs.
Respect elderly people.

The Don’ts
Don’t give the thumbs up. It is considered offensive in Iran. Although if someone gives you the thumbs up with a smile, it means they acknowledge your culture.
Don’t try to give kiss or shake hands with opposite sex unless they initiate.
Don’t be uncomfortable when you are treated to a meal by Iranians. Hospitality is part of the Persian culture and it is not an imposition.
Don’t engage in public displays of affection.
Don’t turn your back on anyone and don’t stretch your legs out in front of anyone but if you do, say ببخشید , [bebakhshid] , excuse me.

11. What have Persians contributed to the humanity?

The first Charter of Human Rights: One of the oldest texts, discovered in 6th century BC, is the clay Cyrus cylinder inscribed in Babylonian cuneiform script. The document has been hailed as the first charter of human rights, and in 1971 the United Nations was published translation of it in all the official U.N. languages. The cylinder is currently on display at the British museum.

The first human civilization: The Persian Civilization (Eilam); was ahead of Egypt by 500 years, of India, by 1,000 years, and of China, by 2,000 years, of Greece by 3,000 years, and of Rome, by 4,000 years! According to Professor Arthur A. Pope, the famous Orientalist (A.H. Saidian, Iran: Land and the people, Tehran 2001 P. 358).

Discovery of Alcohol: Zakariya Razi (865-925 AD), an Iranian pioneer scholar, discovered alcohol and sulfuric acid. He classified substances as plants, organic, and inorganic. The statue of Razi in United Nations Office in Vienna is part of the “Scholars Pavilion” donated by Iran.
Influential Poets such as Rumi, Sa’adi and Hafez: Poetry plays a very important role for Persians and famous quotes and verses from their great poets are recited in everyday life. One of the great Poets is Sa’di (1184 – 1283) and one of his poems is inscribed in the Halls of the United Nations:

12. How to be polite and show respect?

There are different ways of saying ‘you’:

You can use “You” /to/ تو for people that are close to you.

For plural and other cases such as in formal situations you can use “You” /shomâ/ شما.

13. Iranian hospitality and Chai

Iran is one of those countries that likes to please its guests and one cannot overemphasize the extent of how hospitable Iranians are. It is amazing to arrive in a country and have almost everyone you meet greet you, welcome you and serve you with extravagant hospitality. In each meeting with Persians, Iranian tea, chai, is served in clear glasses. Most tea is served with small sugar cubes which you dip into the hot tea and then place in your mouth to dissolve as you sip the tea.

14. Etiquette and formalities

Târof, تعارف, is a specific form of Iranian etiquette or politeness to show respect for others. It is a verbal dance and is a must amongst Persians. It is a way of denying your will to please your counterpart, however the will is only denied because of the custom and not to please the counterpart. But there are situations where Târof persists upon a request to make the counterpart genuinely satisfied. Târof is about more than just offering and refusing things. It is about raising others and “self-lowering” oneself. No matter what twist and turns Târof might take, the goal is to be respectful. A guest is not supposed to pay for a meal or accept the first offer to eat something . Sometimes, it’s also considered rude if someone pays for his elder, but it’s also rude not to offer.

Common phrases:
In a shop or taxi, when you ask “how much” the usual answer is:  قابلی نداره [ghâbeli nadâre], It’s not worthy of you and you reply  خواهش می کنم [khâesh mikonam], If you please/ you are welcome, and this can be repeated many times until a payment is taken! 
  بفرمایید [befarmâyed], has different meanings in different contexts: come on in, welcome to our house, after you, take a seat, help yourself, etc.
  دستتان درد نکنه [dastetân dard nakone], Your hands many not hurt is used when you want to say Thank you or Well done.
  چشمتان روشن [cheshmetân roshan], May there be light in your eyes, is usually used when there is a new baby in the family or a relative comeback from a journey.

Do you want to learn more facts about Persian language and culture? Watch this video and complete related online activities on Talk Like A Persian Website.

Not that you know all the basic facts about Persian language and culture leave a comment and answer the following questions:

  1. What is the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians?
  2. When did Persia become Iran?
  3. Where is Persian spoken?
  4. What type of language is Persian and in what category of language  difficulty does it fall?
  5. What are the three versions of Persian language?
  6. What have Persians contributed to the humanity (two examples)?
49 Comments
  1. 1. The correct term is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language and is part of the category II languages which require 1100 hours of instruction.
    5. The Persian language has three major historic stages of development, and various versions of the language including Old Persian, Middle Persian, Classical Persian, and Modern Persian.
    6. The Persians have made much contributions to humanity including introducing the first charter of human rights, found on the clay Cyrus cylinder, and discovering alcohol (Zakariya Razi).

    1. 1. It is Persian
      2. In 1935
      3. Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan
      4. Indo-European language, a category 2 language.
      5. Persian, Tajik, Dari
      6. They were a very early civilization, the charter of Human Rights and the discovery of alcohol are important.

  2. 1- The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranian is Persian.
    2- In 1935. ( Reza Shah Pahlavi requested that).
    3- Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4- Persian is in the Indo-European language (IEL). The level of difficulty is two.
    5- there are old Persian, middle Persian, classic and modern Persian.
    6- a). The first charter of human right.
    b). The first human civilization.
    c). Discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi.
    d). Influential poet such as Rumi, Saadi and Hafez.

  3. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran once Reza Shah Pahlavi, in 1935, requested that other countries that they were diplomatic with call the country by Iran.
    3. It is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language that includes influences from the Romance languages, Slavic languages, Germanic languages, and more; it falls into the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family language.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are Old Persian, Middle Persian, Classical Persian, and Modern Persian.
    6. The first human civilization was the Persian civilization, otherwise known as “Eilam”. It was 4,000 years ahead of Rome, one of the world’s most known western civilizations. A Persian poet, Sa’di, has one of his works in the Halls of the United Nations.

  4. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is classified as an Indo-European language and the level of difficulty it falls under is category two.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are as follows: Old Persian, Middle Persian and Classical / Modern Persian.
    6. The Persians have contributed much to humanity such as the first Charter of Human Rights and the discovery of Alcohol by Zakariya Razi.

  5. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia become Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European Language and falls into the category II which demand 1100 hours of instruction.
    5.The Persian language has 3 major historic stages development which include old persian, middle persian, modern and classical persian.
    6. 2 examples of Persians contribution to humanity are:
    a. Discovery of alcohol (Zakariya Razi)
    b. The first human civilization: The Persian Civilization (Eilam)

  6. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranian is Persian.

    2. In 1935. ( Reza Shah Pahlavi requested that).

    3. Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.

    4. Persian is in the Indo-European language (IEL). The level of difficulty is two.

    5. there are old Persian, middle Persian, classic and modern Persian.

    6. The first charter of human rights, the discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi, Influential poets such as Rumi, Saadi, and Hafez.

  7. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persian became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European Language. Its level of difficulty is 2.
    5. The three versions of Persian are old Persian, middle Persian, and modern Persian.
    6.-The discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi
    -The first charter of human rights

  8. 1. Persian is the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935, when Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries that had diplomatic relations with them, to call Persia by its native name “Iran”.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is in the Indo-European Language family, which includes the Romance languages, the Slavic languages, the Germanic languages, the Celtic languages, Baltic languages, Greek, Armenian, and Albanian. Persian falls under the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of language.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are Old Persian, Middle Persian, Classical Persian, and Modern Persian.
    6. Persians have contributed The first Charter of Human Rights and the discover of alcohol.

  9. 1. The correct term for the Iranian language is Persian
    2. Persia became known as Iran in 1935 when Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries that it had diplomatic relations with to recognize Persia as Iran.
    3. Persia is the main language in Iran as well as in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan but are slightly different variations of the language
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language and falls under category II difficulty
    5. The three versions of Persian are, Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Modern Persian
    6. Two examples of what Persians have contributed to humanity are the discovery of alcohol and the First Charter of Human Rights.

  10. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persia is classified as an Indo-European language and the level of difficulty is category two.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are old Persian, middle Persian, and classical/modern Persian.
    6. The Persians have contributed to the discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi and the first charter of human rights.

  11. 1. The correct term for the language that is spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935 when Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries with which it had diplomatic relations to call Persia by its native name being Iran.
    3. Persian is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European Language. Persian belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of language. And Persian falls in the second category of difficulty.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are Middle Persian, Classical Persian, and Modern Persian.
    6. Two examples that Persians have contributed to humanity are, that they created The first Charter of Human Rights which was later on translated by the United Nations. As well as, The first Human Civilization, since they were ahead of other countries at the time, and those countries adapted to what the Persians were doing.

  12. 1.)Persian is the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians.
    2.)Persia become Iran in 1935.
    3.)Persian spoken in Iran, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
    4.)Persian is Indo-European language. the level of difficulty 2.
    5.)the three versions of Persian language are , old Persian, middle Persian, modern and classic Persian.
    6.)
    1- Human civilization
    2-Discovery of Alcohol by Zakariya Razi

  13. 1. Persian
    2. 1935
    3. Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan
    4. Indo-European language and it is a category 2 language.
    5. Persian, Tajik, Dari
    6. They were the first human civilization and alcohol was discovered by Persians and

  14. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran when Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries with which it had diplomatic relations to call Persia “Iran”.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is in the Indo-European Language and there are three levels of language difficulty and Persian falls in category II.
    5. Old Persian (525 BCE-300 BCE), Middle Persian (300 BCE-800 BCE), Modern Persian (800 CE-PRESENT).
    6. Discovery of alcohol and the first human rights.

  15. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persia is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is in the Indo-European Language family and it is under category II difficulty.
    5. The three major versions of the Persian language are Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Classical Persian.
    6. Persians created the first Charter of Human Rights and discovered alcohol.

  16. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is in the Indo-European Language family and it is under category II difficulty.
    5. The three major versions of the Persian language are Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Classical/Modern Persian.
    6. Persians created the first Charter of Human Rights and discovered alcohol.

  17. 1- The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranian is Persian.

    2- In 1935. ( Reza Shah Pahlavi requested that).

    3- Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

    4- Persian is in the Indo-European language. The level of difficulty is two.

    5- There is Old, Middle, and classical Persian.

    6- a). The first charter of human right.

    b). The first human civilization

  18. 1) The correct term is Persian.
    2) Persia became Iran when an Reza Shah Pahlavi requested that Persia be formally called its native name Iran to all countries with whom it had diplomatic relations.
    3) Persian is spoken mainly in Iraq, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    4) Persian is an Indo-Euopean Language that falls under the category of Iranian branch. According to the Foreign Service Institute the difficulty Persian language requires to learn the language is a category 2 because it requires 1100 hours of learning.
    5) Three versions of Persian are: Iran as it is called in Iraq, Dari as it is called in Afghanistan, and Tajik as it is called in Tajikistan.
    6) Persian have contributed to humanity by: having the first human civilization that was ahead of Egypt, India, China, Greece and Rome and contributed the first charter of human rights found in the 6th century B.C by Cyrus in Babylonian cuneiform script.

  19. 1) The correct term for Persian is Faris.
    2) Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3) Persian is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and in Tajikistan.
    4) Persian is in the Indo-European Language (IEL) and it falls in Category II of difficulty.
    5) Three versions of the Persian language are Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Classical Persian.
    6) Persians have contributed a lot to humanity such as being the first human civilization being ahead of Egypt, China, Greece, and Rome. Another thing that the Persians did for humanity was the discovery of alcohol (865-925 AD) by a man named Zakariya Razi.

  20. 1- The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2-it became Iran in 1935.
    3- it is spoken in Iran,Afghanistan,Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4-It is the indo-European language and the level of difficulty is two.
    5- These versions are old Persian, middle Persian and modern Persian.
    6- the Persians have made many contributions to humanity including introducing the first character to the human right, the first human civilization and the discovery of Alcohol.

  21. 1-The society for Iranian Studies states that the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian
    2In 1935, Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries.
    3 in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan .
    4-is in the Indo-European Language , it takes an average learner to reach a certain degree of fluency compared to English .
    5-the old one , middle one , the new one .
    6-human rights ,Discovery of Alcohol .

  22. What is the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians?
    Persian
    When did Persia become Iran?
    1935
    Where is Persian spoken?
    Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan
    What type of language is Persian and in what category of language difficulty does it fall?
    It is in the Indo-European language family and is category 2 level of difficulty.
    What are the three versions of Persian language?
    Dari, Persian, Tajik
    What have Persians contributed to the humanity (two examples)?
    The discovery of alcohol and the first human civilization.

  23. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. In 1935, Reza Shah Pahlavi wanted to be called Iran, its native name to be more formal to his diplomatic relations. The term Iran is mostly used in political context.
    3. Persia is spoken mostly in Iran, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan.
    4. Persian is an indoeuropean language and it is in the second category of language difficulty which means 1100 hours of instruction are needed.
    5. The three versions of Persian are Persian Dari and Tajik.
    6. Persians are the first human civilization far ahead of Egypt and India. It was called The Persian Civilization (Eilam). An Iranian pioneer scholar discovered alcohol and sulfuric acid, and also classified plants as organic or inorganic.

    1. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
      2. Peria became Iran when in 1935, Reza Shah Pahlavi wanted to be called Iran, its native name to be more formal to his diplomatic relations. The term Iran is mostly used in political context.
      3. Persia is spoken mostly in Iran, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan.
      4. Persian is an Indo-European language and it is in the second category of language difficulty which means 1100 hours of instruction are needed.
      5. The three versions of Persian are Persian Dari and Tajik.
      6. Persians have contributed to humanity by being the first human civilization far ahead of Egypt and India. It was called The Persian Civilization (Eilam). Also, an Iranian pioneer scholar discovered alcohol and sulfuric acid and discovered the classification of inorganic and organic plants.

  24. 1. Persian
    2. 1935
    3. Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan
    4. Persian is an Indoor-European Language and is a category II language.
    5. Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Modern Persian
    6. Influential Poets like Ferdowsi and The First Civilization (Elam)

  25. 1.) Persian
    2.) 1935
    3.) Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
    4.) It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category II of difficulty
    5.) Dari, Persian, Tajik
    6.) Influential poetry and the discovery of alcohol

  26. 1.) The correct term is Persian
    2.) Persia became Iran in 1935
    3.) Persian is spoken in Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
    4.) It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category II of difficulty
    5.) The three versions are Dari, Persian, and Tajik
    6.) They have contributed influential poetry and the discovery of alcohol

  27. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia become Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European Language and falls into the category II which demand 1100 hours of instruction.
    5.The Persian language has 3 major historic stages development which include old persian, middle persian, modern and classical persian.
    6. 2 examples of Persians contribution to humanity are:
    a. Discovery of alcohol (Zakariya Razi)
    b. The first human civilization: The Persian Civilization (Eilam)

  28. 1) Persian
    2) 1935
    3) mainly in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan (some in Uzbekistan)
    4) Indo-European, category II of difficulty
    5) Farsi, Dari, and Tajik
    6) Cyrus human right plate, Alcohol by Zakariya Razi.

  29. 1) The correct term is Persian.
    2) Persia became Iran when an Reza Shah Pahlavi requested that Persia be formally called its native name Iran in 1935 to all countries with whom it had diplomatic relations.
    3) Persian is spoken mainly in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    4) Persian is an Indo-Euopean Language that falls under the category of Iranian branch. According to the Foreign Service Institute the difficulty Persian language requires to learn the language is a category 2 because it requires 1100 hours of learning.
    5) Three versions of Persian are: Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Modern Persian
    6) Persian have contributed to humanity by: having the first human civilization that was ahead of Egypt, India, China, Greece and Rome and contributed the first charter of human rights found in the 6th century B.C by Cyrus in Babylonian cuneiform script and the discovery of alcohol

  30. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persian became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European Language. Its level of difficulty is 2.
    5. The three versions of Persian are old Persian, middle Persian, and modern Persian.
    6.-The discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi
    -The first charter of human rights

  31. 1. The correct term is Persian
    2. Persia was renamed Iran in 1935
    3. Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language and it is a category 2 language. It has had three stages of development throughout the ages.
    5. Persian, Tajik, Dari
    6. They were the first human civilization and alcohol was discovered by Zakariya Razi

  32. 1. Persian
    2. 1935
    3. Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
    4. It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category II of difficulty
    5. Dari, Persian, Tajik
    6. human rights ,Discovery of Alcohol

  33. 1- Persian
    2- 1935
    3- Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
    4- It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category II of difficulty
    5-Dari, Persian, Tajik
    6- Influential poetry and the discovery of alcohol

  34. 1.) Persian
    2.) 1935
    3.) Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
    4.) It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category II of difficulty
    5.) Dari, Persian, Tajik
    6.) Influential poetry and the discovery of alcohol

  35. 1- The correct spoken language by most Iranians is Persian.
    2- 1935
    3- it is spoken in (Iran, Afghanistan ,Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.)
    4-It is the indo-European language & the level of difficulty is two.
    5- The versions are old Persian, middle Persian , classic and modern Persian.
    6- A) the first character to the human right, B) the first human civilization C) discovery of alcohol (865-925 AD) by a man named Zakariya Razi and Influential poet such as Rumi, Saadi & Hafez

  36. 1.The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia become Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
    4. It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category II of difficulty
    5.The Persian language has 3 major historic stages development which include old persian, middle persian, modern and classical persian.
    6. 2 examples of Persians contribution to humanity are:
    a. Discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi
    b. human rights

  37. 1. Correct term for the Iranian language is called Persian
    2. Persia became known as Iran in 1935 when Reza Shah Pahlavi requested countries that it had diplomatic relations with to referrer Persia as Iran.
    3. Persian is the main language in Iran as well as in other countries such as Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan but are slightly different.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language and is under the category of level II difficulty
    5. There are three versions of Persian which are, Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Modern Persian
    6. Just two examples of how Persians have contributed to humanity is the discovery of alcohol and the first Human Rights.

  38. 1. Persian
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935
    3. Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
    4. Indo-European and is level two
    5. persian, dari, and tajik
    6. two examples are the first charter of human rights and was the first to discover alcohol.

  39. 1. The correct term for the language is Persian.
    2. Persian became Iran when 2,500 years ago, Reza Shah Pahlavi, requested that they be called ‘Iran’ instead of Persia. In political contexts Iran is more often used.
    3. Persian is mostly spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan.
    4. Persian is a category level II language which requires a bit more time and studying to learn the language and it is apart of the Indo-European language family.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are Tajik, Dari and Persian.
    6. The first civilization were created by Persian people and many famous Persian poets including the poet, Sa’di who has a poem inscribed in the United Nations walls.

  40. 1. The correct term is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language and its a category level 2 language.
    5.The 3 versions of the Persian language are Persian, Tajik, and Dari.
    6. The first example is that they were the first human civilization and the second example is that alcohol was discovered by a Persian guy (Zakariya Razi).

  41. 1. The term is ‘Persian’
    2. ‘Persia’ was renamed to ‘Iran’ 85 years ago in 1935
    3. Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzebekistan
    4. Persian is an Indo-European language and is a category II language meaning it requires approximately 1,100 hours of study to reach basic fluency in reading and writing. It has had three stages of development.
    5. Persian, Dari, and Tajik
    6. They were the first human civilization, they discovered alcohol, they offered many amazing poets and more.

  42. 1. Persian
    2. 1935
    3. Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    4. Indo-European language category 2.
    5. Dari, Persian and Tajik.
    6. The first human civilization, Discovery of Alcohol: Zakariya Razi.

  43. 1. Correct language is Persian
    2. Persian become Iran in 1935
    3. Afghanstain , Iran , Tajikistan and uzbekistan
    4. It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls and category II of difficulty
    5. Farsi , Dari , Tajik
    6. Human rights, Discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi,

  44. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran by Reza Shah Pahlavi’s request.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persian is an Indo-European Language that falls under the category of Iranian branch. It is a category 2.
    5. Dari, Persian, and Tajik are the three versions of Persian language
    6. First human civilization and the discovery of alcohol.

  45. 1-Persian is the correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians.
    2-Persia become Iran in 1935.
    3-Persian spoken in Iran, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
    4-the indo-European language and the level of difficulty is two..
    5-the three versions of Persian language are , old Persian, middle Persian, modern and classic Persian.
    6-first is Human civilization and the second is Discovery of Alcohol by Zakariya Razi

  46. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranians is Persian.
    2. Persia became Iran in 1935.
    3. Persian is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
    4. Persia is classified as an Indo-European language and the level of difficulty is category two.
    5. The three versions of the Persian language are old Persian, middle Persian, and classical/modern Persian.
    6. The Persians have contributed to the discovery of alcohol by Zakariya Razi and the first charter of human rights.

  47. 1. The correct term for the language spoken by most Iranian is Persian.
    2. Persian become Iran in 1935
    3. Persian is the main language in Iran as well as in other countries such as Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan but are slightly different.
    4. It is a part of the Indo-European family and falls under category 2 of difficulty
    5. Three versions of Persian are: Old Persian, Middle Persian, and Modern Persian
    6. Two examples of what Persians have contributed to humanity are the discovery of alcohol and the First Charter of Human Rights.

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